Connection between Romanticism and Nature
Romanticism was a movement of individualism and emotion that started in Europe at the end of the 18th century. The defining trait of romanticism was emotion, and all kinds of emotions were allowed: love and fear; terror and hope; courage and hesitation.
The feeling of the artist was paramount and this was very much respected and encouraged in this time period.
Romanticism, therefore, discouraged artificial rules and, to some extent, logic and structure. It was all about experiencing the moment and manifesting your essence onto an art form.
It’s important to understand that romanticism arose, in part, as backlash against all the science and industrialization that was occurring in the world.
Romanticism’s Connection with Nature
It’s not too difficult to understand why romanticism had such a strong connection with nature. As people began to leave rural areas and join the vast, sprawling urban cities that were getting bigger and bigger, a part of humanity’s history was lost.
Remember that for most of our history, we were farmers and hunters. We lived with nature. But living surrounded by metal, bricks and other human constructions that go in a direction opposite to nature?
People rebelled—they wanted new art forms that were directly influenced by nature. And they wanted them to be raw, uninfluenced by the machinations of science and logic.
With the wilderness tamed and the beauty of the natural world moving farther and farther way, artists decided that enough was enough and that they were going to bring back this beauty into the world.
Indeed, one might say that it was the indomitable human spirit of these artists that refused to give out—they wanted to shine this beauty onto the world, so that its light never faded.
Factories. Division of labor. Mechanization. Domesticating humans is a difficult task, and domesticating free spirits like artists is an even more difficult task.