Etymology of Baal

Baal means something along the vein of husband, master, lord, owner, and possessor. It is derived from the Hebrew Ba’al (בעל), and biblically he is one of the fallen angels of Satan. The old Semitics worshipped Baal (the worshippers were called Baalists or Baalites).

He was considered to be a male god and was idolized by the Phoenicians  and Canaan peoples; he is associated to the feminine Asherah according to Judges 2:13; the female counterpart of Baal is  ba’ala.

Baal itself is not a commonly used name, but it is related to the name Hannibal (meaning Grace of Baal).


Bammesberger, Alfred. 1984. English Etymology. Heidelberg: C. Winter.

Onions, C. T, R. W Burchfield, and G. W. S Friedrichsen. 1966. The Oxford Dictionary Of English Etymology. Oxford: Clarendon.